AIDS

   AIDS, or Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, is the generic term for a syndrome of opportunistic diseases that result from a weakened immune system. First identified in 1981 in Los Angeles and San Francisco, it was thought to be a consequence of drug abuse combined with high rates of male same-sex activity. That view, which still prevails in some places, was challenged by the view that a virus, HIV, triggered the syndrome.
   High death rates, particularly among male samesex partners in the US and the UK, have resulted in a culture of ‘safe sex’, that is, sex which either does not involve penetration or which involves only protected penetration among certain sections of the population. It has also led to a decline in needle sharing among intravenous drug users. Increased abortion rates indicate that the culture of safe sex is not fully established. There is some dispute about the precise source of AIDS and its mechanism of spread, but the decline of its incidence in those sectors of the population that have adopted practices of ‘safe sex’ and clean needles is significant. It seems to confirm that care counts and complacency is foolish.
   See also: Clause 28; gay liberation
   Further reading
    Clarke, P.A.B. (1988) Aids: Medicine Politics and Society, London: LCAP.
    Shilts, R. (1988) And the Band Played On, Harmondsworth: Penguin.
   PAUL BARRY CLARKE

Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture . . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Aids — Aids …   Deutsch Wörterbuch

  • Aids — Sn ( ?; der isolierte Gebrauch des Wortes wird vermieden, so daß eine Genuszuweisung nicht erkennbar ist) erw. fach. (20. Jh.) Kunstbildung. Entlehnt aus dem am. e. Akronym Aids (AIDS) für Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome Erworbenes… …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • Aids — the virus condition, was the most memorable acronym of the 20c based on acquired immune deficiency syndrome. The spelling as a word with a capital initial has superseded the older form AIDS, a preference intensified by the occurrence of several… …   Modern English usage

  • AIDS — also Aids BrE [eıdz] n [U] Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome a very serious disease that stops your body from defending itself against infections, and usually causes death ▪ the AIDS virus ▪ Aids sufferers ▪ full blown AIDS (=AIDS at its most… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • AIDS — [ eıdz ] noun uncount ** acquired immune deficiency syndrome: a serious disease that destroys the body s IMMUNE SYSTEM (=its ability to defend itself against infection) and usually causes death. AIDS is passed from one person to another through… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • AIDS — UK / US or Aids UK [eɪdz] / US noun [uncountable] ** acquired immune deficiency syndrome: a serious disease that destroys the body s immune system (= its ability to defend itself against infection) and usually causes death. AIDS is passed from… …   English dictionary

  • AIDS — AIDS, Aids 〈[ɛıdz] ohne Artikel; Abk. für〉 Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (erworbenes Immunschwächesyndrom), durch ein Virus hervorgerufenes Syndrom von Immunschwäche, das im Verlauf der Krankheit zum Zusammenbruch des körpereigenen… …   Lexikalische Deutsches Wörterbuch

  • AIDS — s.m. e f.inv. CO TS med. → sindrome da immunodeficienza acquisita {{line}} {{/line}} VARIANTI: Aids. DATA: 1982. ETIMO: dall ingl. AIDS, propr. sigla di Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome sindrome da immunodeficienza acquisita …   Dizionario italiano

  • Aids — macht uns bewußt, daß wir nicht unsterblich sind. Aids entlarvt den Jugendkult, der nur gesunde, produktive und kräftige Menschen zuließ, als Absurdität. «Rosa von Praunheim [* 1942]; dt. Filmregisseur» Alle Menschen, die sonst nichts verhindern …   Zitate - Herkunft und Themen

  • Aids — [e:ts, engl. eidz], AIDS das; (meist ohne Artikel) <aus gleichbed. engl. aids, Kurzw. aus acquired immune deficiency syndrome »erworbenes Immundefektsyndrom«> Erkrankung, die zu schweren Störungen im ↑Immunsystem führt (Med.) …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.